Forms of Corruption

Bribery: This is the offering, promising, giving, accepting, or soliciting of an advantage as an inducement for an action, which is illegal, unethical, or a breach of trust or to refrain from acting. Forms of bribery: kickbacks, facilitation payments, charitable and political donations, sponsorship, travel, and promotional expenses.

Conflict of interest: A conflict of interest occurs where a person or entity with a duty to the enterprise has a conflicting interest, duty, or commitment.

Collusion: This can take various forms, of which the most common include bid rigging, cartels, and price-fixing.

Revolving door: This is corruption linked to the movement of high-level employees from public sector jobs to private sector jobs and vice versa.

Patronage: Favouritism in which a person is selected, regardless of qualifications, merit, or entitlement, for a job or benefit because of affiliations or connections.